Year: 2023 | Month: December | Volume 68 | Issue 4

Trends in Production of Pulses and Oilseeds Over Last Two Decades in Eastern India

Adrita Dam Soumitra Chatterjee Debashis Sarkar and Pramod Kumar


India is a major producer and consumer of a wide variety of pulses and oilseeds but still struggles to
achieve self-sufficiency due to the growing disparity between demand and supply. The present study has
made an attempt to compare and disseminate trends in acreage, production, and productivity of pulses
and oilseeds over the last two decades (1999-2000 to 2018-2019). Regarding the computation of growth
and instability, a modified exponential production function is fitted, and to judge the overall change in
production, a decomposition of the trend in area and yield over two decades has been performed. Bihar
and West Bengal stand out as the primary producers of pulses, while rapeseed and mustard take the lead
among oilseed crops, followed by sesame. Odisha uniquely contributes to groundnut production, while
linseed has become integral to West Bengal’s overall oilseeds output. To enhance production in these
states, implementing HYV seeds, proper land preparation techniques, and adopting paira cropping in
rice-fallow situations can significantly boost the current status of pulses and oilseeds in the eastern India.


  • Growth rates in production were unsatisfactory up to previous decade although a notable improvement has been observed in the subsequent decade.
  • The change in mean production was primarily influenced by acreage for pulses and yield for oilseeds in all major states of eastern India except Odisha.

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