Year: 2023 | Month: March | Volume 68 | Issue 1
Growth Performance and Instability of Pearl Millet in Gujarat vis-à-vis India
Madhu J Saravand
Pearl millet is one of the most important cereal in the world especially in Asia and African regions. In India, it is the fourth most widely cultivated food crop after rice, wheat and maize. Pearl millet crop was selected for the study. The period of study was from 1999-2000 to 2018-2019 and analysis was carried out using Compound Growth Rate and Coppock’s Instability Index. From the analysis of compound growth rate, over the period of 20 years from 1999-2000 to 2018-19 it could be found that all the regions showed negative growth with respect to area parameter of Pearl millet. The production growth rate was observed positive in North Gujarat and Central Gujarat and negative growth in Saurashtra and South Gujarat region. In productivity of Pearl millet, the growth rate was observed positive in all the regions of Gujarat including Gujarat and India as whole. The growth-instability tradeoffs revealed the presence of ‘desirable’ (High Growth - High Instability) situation in terms of yield while area and production components showed not desirable situation, respectively in Pearl millet crop. The growth pattern is found to be acceleration with area and production parameter in all the regions of Gujarat, Gujarat and India as whole except Saurashtra region which showed stagnation type of growth pattern from 1999-2000 to 2018-19. In respect of productivity stagnation type of growth pattern in North Gujarat, Saurashtra, Gujarat and India as whole while Central Gujarat and South Gujarat region depicted acceleration type of growth pattern for the period of 20 years.
- In case of area and production of pearl millet, all the regions showed negative growth and positive growth respectively.
- Growth-Instability tradeoffs revealed the presence of ‘desirable’ (High Growth - High Instability) situation in terms of yield while area and production components showed not desirable situation.
- Growth pattern is found to be in acceleration with area and production parameters in all the regions of Gujarat, Gujarat and India as whole except Saurashtra region.
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