Original Article

Year: 2014 | Month: July | Volume 59 | Special Issue

Dynamics of Livestock and Poultry Sector in Assam: A Critical Analysis


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Aim:

This paper is a reflection of the recent status of livestock and poultry sector in the state of Assam. Assam has copious livestock and poultry population in the country, accounting for 3.25% and 8.36% of the country’s total livestock and poultry population. Assam’s pig population is highest in the country (17.96% of the country’s total). In case of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat Assam stood at 11th, 19th, 15th and 13th rank respectively. District wise Nagaon and Dibrugarh district has the largest livestock and poultry population with 3076004 and 2890161 numbers respectively. Livestock and poultry population reveal a good growth trend in terms of all the species except buffalo (-7.33%) during the inter census period; 2003-2007. Despite large population, production, productivity and per capita availability of milk, meat, eggs are minimal in Assam. The total milk, meat and egg production of the state for the year 2008-09 were 827 million litres, 30 thousand tonnes and 4664 lakh number respectively. Assam contributes only 0.67%, 0.8% and 0.78% to the country’s total milk, meat and egg production respectively during 2009-10. There is a decline in production of milk and egg in the state during recent years and growth rate in production of meat is also not satisfactory.



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Economic Affairs, Quarterly Journal of Economics| In Association with AESSRA

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