Year: 2023 | Month: September | Volume 68 | Issue 3


Debashis Sarkar


Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are officially recognised by the Indian Constitution and given a separate status and protection, distinct from groups officially designated as minorities. Although the Constitution classifies SCs and STs in its Articles 341
and 342 and provides for special policies in the form of affirmative action/reservations for these categories in higher education, employment and political representation through its Articles 330, 332 and 334. The list of SCs and STs in each individual state varies across India and is also reflected in the recognition of tribes and castes designated as ‘poor’. According to Census (2001),

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