Year: 2022 | Month: June | Volume 67 | Issue 3

Assessment of Marketable Surplus of Rice and Wheat in Rohatas District of Bihar

Anwesha Dey Yash Gautam Avdhesh Sharma


With the increasing production levels, it is necessary to assess how much amount is really available to the non-farming community of the nation as this directly links to food security. Being Bihar one of the prominent rice and wheat growing state this paper tends to analyze the marketable surplus of these crop in Rohatas district commonly known as “Rice Bowl of Bihar”. The survey findings highlights that marketable surplus directly escalates with increase in farm size. Factors such as family consumption, wages in kind and animal feed reduced the amount of surplus available for marketing. The disposal pattern clearly indicates that due to shortage of proper storage facilities, transportation and credit facilities a large number of farmers vend their produce to village traders immediately after the harvest. Proper technological developments are key to increase the marketable surplus in the area.


  • The amount of retention decreases and marketable surplus increases respectively with the increase in landholding size.
  • Area under the crop is the positive factor influencing marketable surplus of both the cereals
  • Majority of the produce are sold immediately after their harvest majorly to private traders.

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Economic Affairs, Quarterly Journal of Economics| In Association with AESSRA

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