Year: 2022 | Month: June | Volume 67 | Issue 3

Area, Production and Yield of Paddy, Wheat and Gram in India vis-à-vis Chhattisgarh: A Spatio-temporal Analysis

Sumit B. Wasnik V.K. Choudhary Sneha Pandey S.N. Suryawanshi Mamta Patel


This paper studied the growth behaviour, instability and effects of area, yield and their interaction to the production of paddy, wheat and gram, the major staple commodities. The study based entirely on secondary data from the period 2000-01 to 2019-20. The results indicated that area and production of paddy and wheat steadily increased over years, while for gram, the quantum of increase was greater. Analysis of gram production growth indicated highest area effect mostly responsible in increasing production of gram in India. Similar situation of growth rates has been depicted for state-wise production of gram followed by wheat and paddy in India, however, study reveals low growth-low risk association depicting less desirable situation for major producing states of paddy and wheat while, gram reveals low growth-medium risk association. Chhattisgarh has increased its share in APY of paddy, wheat and gram to the India. Selected districts of Chhattisgarh plains mostly revealed low growth-medium risk association, which is less desirable for production of paddy, wheat and gram in those districts. The area effect was more strongly responsible for wheat whereas, yield effect for paddy in the production of these crops in those selected districts of Chhattisgarh plains.


  • Chhattisgarh state remarked drastically decline in area and production of wheat (>75%), whereas gram increased in both (>80%), while paddy increased (>50%) its production only, followed increasing trend in yield of these crops during study periods.
  • India and Chhattisgarh state, evident of non-significant and marginally low annual compound growth rate of 0.07 and 0.14 percent, respectively in area of paddy during 2000-01 to 2019-20.

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