Year: 2022 | Month: June | Volume 67 | Issue 3

Livelihood Vulnerability of Dairy Farming Households to Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic in Kerala

Haritha K. Gunjan Bhandari


Present study assesses the livelihood vulnerability of dairy farming households to impacts of COVID-19 pandemic by using primary data collected from 200 farmers of Kozhikode district, Kerala. A new index namely, Livelihood Vulnerability Index to Impacts of Pandemic (LVIIP) was developed based on LVI-IPCC approach. Around 22 percent of the total households were found to be highly vulnerable to impacts of pandemic, whereas 41.5 per cent were moderately vulnerable and 36 per cent were less vulnerable. Farmers selling milk to cooperatives were found to have highest mean value of LVIIP (0.08) due to highest exposure (0.23) and lowest adaptive capacity (0.48). Most of the factors responsible for higher sensitivity of farmers selling milk to consumer households and lower adaptive capacity of farmers selling milk to cooperatives were linked to feed and fodder availability. Hence, special provisions for ensuring uninterrupted feed and fodder supply should be included in the rules and regulations formulated during any such future crisis


  • A new livelihood vulnerability index to impacts of pandemic (LVIIP) was developed based on the IPCC approach using exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity indicators
  • Around 23 per cent sample households were highly vulnerable to impacts of pandemic whereas the percentage of moderately and less vulnerable households were 41.5 per cent and 36 percent, respectively. Issues related to feed and fodder availability were found to be the major reason behind higher sensitivity and lower adaptive capacity of households

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Economic Affairs, Quarterly Journal of Economics| In Association with AESSRA

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