Year: 2021 | Month: December | Volume 66 | Issue 4
Assessment of Farm Level Post-harvest Losses in Wheat in
Dalip Kumar Bishnoi
Jitender Kumar Bhatia
The post – harvest losses have been evaluated at various levels in wheat grain in Haryana. Growth rate analysis was performed using time-series data on area, production, and productivity of the selected wheat crop from 2008-09 to 2017-18. The survey data obtained from 60 farmers in two districts in 2019-20 was used to estimate post-harvest losses. In each village, 15 people were chosen as responders. The influence of socio-economic factors on post-harvest losses at the farm level was investigated using functional analysis, whilst post-harvest losses at various levels were quantified using tabular analysis. At the state level, the yearly growth rates of area, production, and productivity rose by 0.43, 0.73, and 0.30 percent, respectively. Wheat post-harvest damages where calculated to be 3.47, 3.41, and 3.44 kg/quintal in Hisar, Karnal, and overall respectively. In both the districts and the state as a whole, the damages were largest during wheat combine harvesting. The variables that have a significant influence on post-harvest damages at the farm level, as well as certain policy implication, have been identified. As far as losses in monitory term is concerns, ` 335.45 crores were calculated in combine harvesting which is highest of the total post-harvest losses followed by Threshing (210.52). Storage, on the other hand, saw the least losses, accounting for 19.66 per cent of total post-harvest losses. Post-harvest losses in the state as a whole were anticipated to be ` 735.82 crores.
- In light of the study’s findings, it is necessary to focus on the refining of harvesting methods such as combine and tractor-driven threshers in order to reduce post-harvest losses.
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